Periodontal disease, commonly known as gum disease, is a prevalent condition that can lead to serious oral health issues if not addressed timely and effectively. As a progressive inflammatory condition, periodontal disease primarily affects the gums but can also harm the surrounding bone structures and teeth, potentially resulting in tooth loss if left untreated. Our team at our dental office understands the importance of maintaining optimal oral health and strives to provide comprehensive periodontal care to prevent and treat gum disease at various stages. This blog post aims to educate you on periodontal disease, the risk factors, symptoms, and treatment options available to protect and restore your oral health.

Periodontal disease generally begins as gingivitis, a mild form of gum inflammation triggered by bacterial plaque accumulation. If gingivitis is not addressed and plaque continues to accumulate, it can progressively advance to periodontitis, a more severe condition that involves the breakdown of gum tissue, bone, and teeth. Risk factors that can contribute to the development and progression of periodontal disease include poor oral hygiene, tobacco use, genetic predisposition, and underlying medical conditions like diabetes.

Common signs of periodontal disease include red, swollen, irritated, or bleeding gums, persistent bad breath, tooth sensitivity, teeth loosening, and receding gums. If you are experiencing any of these symptoms, it is essential to seek treatment as soon as possible to prevent further damage and complications.

Our dental office offers a range of treatments designed to address periodontal disease at various stages, from non-surgical therapies to more advanced surgical interventions for severe cases. In addition to providing treatment options, we are equally committed to educating our patients on proper oral hygiene practices and preventive care strategies to maintain their oral health in the long term.

In the following sections, we will explore the various treatment options for periodontal disease, discuss the steps required to maintain your oral health post-treatment, and share valuable insights on preventive measures to minimize the risk of recurrence. Discover how our dental office can help you overcome periodontal disease and ensure optimal oral health and well-being.

Scaling and Root Planing

Scaling and root planing, often referred to as a “deep cleaning,” is a common non-surgical treatment for mild to moderate periodontal disease. During scaling, we remove plaque and tartar deposits from the tooth surface and below the gum line. Root planing involves smoothing the root surfaces to remove bacterial toxins and promote healing of the surrounding gum tissue. This procedure helps reduce inflammation and allows your gums to reattach to the teeth, preventing further bone and tissue loss.

Antibacterial Mouth Rinses and Medications

Antibacterial mouth rinses or medications may be prescribed alongside scaling and root planing to help control bacterial growth and reduce the risk of infection. We will provide specific recommendations based on your individual needs and the severity of your condition.

Periodontal Maintenance Cleanings

Regular periodontal maintenance cleanings are essential to monitor and manage your gum health after initial treatment. These cleanings are typically performed every three to four months, as needed, to remove any new plaque and tartar build-up and ensure the continued health of your gums.

Surgical Periodontal Treatment Options

Gum Graft Surgery

In instances where gum recession has occurred due to periodontal disease, gum graft surgery may be recommended to repair and restore the affected gum tissue. This procedure involves transplanting a small piece of tissue, usually sourced from the patient’s palate, onto the area of gum recession, promoting healing and providing additional tissue support for the exposed tooth root.

Bone Grafting or Guided Tissue Regeneration

Severe periodontal disease can lead to significant bone loss around the teeth. In such cases, bone grafting or guided tissue regeneration (GTR) may be necessary to stimulate bone regrowth and stabilize the affected teeth. Bone grafting involves placing a bone graft material (synthetic, donor, or patient-derived) into the area of bone loss, while GTR employs a specialized membrane to guide the regrowth of bone and gum tissue.

Periodontal Pocket Reduction Surgery

In some cases, deep periodontal pockets can form around the teeth as a result of severe gum disease. Pocket reduction surgery, also known as flap surgery, is designed to eliminate these pockets by carefully lifting away the gum tissue, providing access to clean the tooth root surfaces thoroughly and remove any infection. The gum tissue is then repositioned and secured in place, promoting healing and reducing the risk of future bone and tissue loss.

Periodontal Laser Therapy

For select patients, periodontal laser therapy may provide a minimally invasive alternative to traditional surgical treatment. This innovative technology utilizes a specialized laser to remove infected gum tissue and promote healing, often with less discomfort, bleeding, and downtime compared to traditional surgery.

Post-Treatment Care and Preventive Measures

After undergoing periodontal treatment, proper care and maintenance are critical to preventing recurrence and ensuring long-term success. The following steps can help you maintain optimal oral health post-treatment:

1. Adhere to an effective oral hygiene routine, including daily brushing with a soft-bristle toothbrush, flossing, and using an antibacterial mouth rinse as recommended.

2. Schedule regular dental checkups and periodontal maintenance cleanings to monitor your gum health and address any concerns early.

3. Avoid tobacco use, which is a significant risk factor for gum disease and can hinder healing and recovery.

4. Manage underlying health conditions such as diabetes, which can increase the risk of periodontal disease, by following your healthcare provider’s guidelines and recommendations.

5. Maintain a well-balanced diet rich in vitamins and minerals to support your overall oral health and immune system function.


Periodontal disease is a serious oral health concern that requires prompt attention and effective treatment to prevent long-term complications. Our dental office is dedicated to providing comprehensive periodontal care, from non-surgical therapies to advanced surgical options tailored to your unique needs and circumstances. If you suspect you have gum disease or would like to learn more about our periodontal treatment services, contact H&H Family Dental today to schedule a consultation with a dentist for periodontal disease and take the first step toward optimal oral health and a beautiful, healthy smile.